Wheelchairs

RESNA WC19 Wheelchairs Used as Seats in Motor Vehicles is a voluntary industry standard that establishes minimum design and performance requirements for wheelchairs that are occupied by users traveling in motor vehicles.  One of the most important design requirements of the standard is for the wheelchair to provide four specific attachment points (see illustration below) that facilitate proper and effective securement of the wheelchair facing forward in vehicles using a four-point, strap-type tiedown that complies with RESNA WC18, Wheelchair Tiedown and Occupant Restraint Systems for Use in Motor Vehicles. The wheelchair must be successfully crash tested in a 30-mph, 20-g frontal sled test using these securement points.

Four labeled securement points are crash-tested and easy to reach on the wheelchair frame. These securement points permit proper attachment and a clear path of travel of 4 securement straps.  Since May 2002, the RESNA WC19 standard requires that wheelchairs be crash tested with a wheelchair-anchored pelvic safety belt. This belt connects to a vehicle-anchored shoulder belt, thereby offering the user a potentially better fit of the pelvic belt with reduced interference of personal space by another individual.

The international standard for wheelchair transportation safety, ISO 7176-Part 19 (2008), does not require a wheelchair-anchored pelvic safety belt. Wheelchairs imported from other countries may be compliant with this standard. Contact the company representative listed below to clarify this issue. For information about the difference between RESNA WC19 and ISO 7176-Part 19, see the discussion in Frequently Asked Questions.

More information on WC19 and ISO 7176-19 is located within the standards section of this website.


The following tables list wheelchair products available that manufacturers have reported as being:

  • Completely compliant with the requirements of WC19 (2012): This means that the wheelchair has been successfully crash tested with a surrogate 4-point strap-type securement using a wheelchair-anchored pelvic belt, meets all design requirements, has successfully passed the tiedown clear path and securement-point accessibility tests, received at least an acceptable rating  with regard to the ease of proper placement of vehicle-anchored three-point belts and to the extent to which proper positioning and geometry of a three-point belt can be achieved, as well as meeting several other requirements.  A checklist of criteria for complete compliance of WC19 can be found here
Connect directly to the Google Sheet here.

  • Successfully crash tested to WC19 (2012): This means that the wheelchair has been successfully crash tested with a surrogate 4-point strap-type securement using a wheelchair-anchored pelvic belt, but the wheelchair may not meet all of the design requirements of the standard or may not have completed all of the required tests in WC19.
Connect directly to the Google Sheet here.

    • Completely compliant with the requirements of ISO 7176-19 (2008):  This means that the wheelchair has been successfully crash tested with a commercial or surrogate 4-point strap-type securement with either a wheelchair-anchored pelvic belt OR a vehicle-anchored three-point belt, meets all design requirements, has successfully passed the securement-point accessibility test, as well as meeting several other requirements.  A checklist of criteria for complete compliance of ISO 7176-19 can be found here
    Connect directly to the Google Sheet here.

    • Successfully crash tested to ISO 7176-19 (2008): This means that the wheelchair has been successfully crash tested with a commercial or surrogate 4-point strap-type securement with either a wheelchair-anchored pelvic belt OR a vehicle-anchored three-point belt, but the wheelchair may not meet all of the design requirements of the standard or may not have completed all of the required tests in ISO 7176-19.
    Connect directly to the Google Sheet here.


    • Successfully crash tested for unoccupied transit only:  There is currently no standard that applies to unoccupied wheelchairs in the vehicle, but some wheelchairs may have been crash tested using the 48-kph, 20g frontal-impact test methods of WC19 to ensure that no components will break with sharp edge hazards or become projectiles when secured with a 4-point strap-type securement in a vehicle. 
      Connect directly to the Google Sheet here.

      Use the links to the manufacturer websites to learn more about the listed mobility products or to contact the person accountable for implementing the WC19 standard. 


      Note:  Claims of product compliance are as reported by manufacturers and cannot always be confirmed by UMTRI personnel as these are voluntary industry standards.




      Note to manufacturers: