Videos

Compiled Crash Test Videos


A Look at Wheelchair Crash Testing

Standards for Wheelchair Transportation Safety have been developed by RESNA and ISO, which are US and International standards organizations. These standards require that any wheelchair securement system, occupant restraint system, wheelchair, or wheelchair seating system successfully pass a 30mph/20g impact sled test. The manufacturer of the device takes responsiblity for working with the testing facility to meet the requirements for the the sled test. (Read about the testing process at UMTRI)

Only when a transit safety technology has successfully passed a sled test can the manufacturer claim that their device complies with the transportation safety standard. These standards describe in great detail how products are to be designed, tested, and labeled. (You can read more about standards on standards section of this website or purchase a copy of the standards from RESNA.)

For the novice, let's translate the "30mph/20g" criteria. It means that the wheelchair with it's transit safety technology and it's crash test dummy occupant are exposed to a simulated front-end collision. The wheelchair and the dummy experience a 30 mile per hour change in velocity and a deceleration equal to 20 times the force of gravity. In real life, for a wheelchair rider weighing 180 pounds (81.6 kg) this creates a huge amount of force. Twenty g's acting on 180 lbs of weight translates into a force of about 3600 lbs. (Imagine trying to catch a 3600 lb beach ball!)

This "30mph/20g" crash criteria is the same criteria that is used in testing all automobiles and child restraints or car seats. Using this same criteria when testing wheelchair transportation safety technologies is intended to provide equivalent protection for wheelchair-seated riders.

Use the series of videos on this page to educate yourself about the value of transit safety technologies. Each crash test videos shows the contribution of one aspect of transportation safety technology--wheelchair securement, occupant restraint or the use of a WC19-compliant wheelchair. The crash tests were conducted in the test facility at the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI).


The best choice for any traveler is to transfer to the vehicle seat and wear the vehicle's passenger safety belts. However, when transferring to a vehicle seat is too risky or is not possible, a person riding seated in a wheelchair should use all three parts of the transit safety technology to create optimal transportation safety.

MediaSite Live Presentations on the Web

This resource adds video presentations on wheelchair transportation safety to this website. MediaSite Live is a technology that lets Windows and Macintosh computer users view archived video stored on a central website designed to serve these videos. Our webserver is located at the U of Pittsburgh.

Note: for the following video formats, user may need to download addition software such as Windows Media Player, QuickTime Player or Real Player. Follow the on-screen prompts.


Download: The Wheelchair Crash Test Video

The videos of wheelchair crash testing that are shown on this site are compiled into one continuous educational video. Each individual video is labeled and shows either misuse or proper use of wheelchair securement straps, occupant restraints and the contribution of a WC19-compliant wheelchair. As you will see below, we have these videos of the "Sled Test Series on Correct Use and Misuse" in multiple video formats and at several quality levels.  The video is also available on You Tube if you click here.

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  1586k v. 1 Dec 17, 2014, 8:44 AM Nichole Orton
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  Dec 17, 2014, 8:48 AM Nichole Orton
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  Dec 17, 2014, 8:48 AM Nichole Orton
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  Dec 17, 2014, 8:47 AM Nichole Orton
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  1592k v. 1 Dec 17, 2014, 8:44 AM Nichole Orton
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  4993k v. 1 Dec 17, 2014, 8:45 AM Nichole Orton
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  5930k v. 1 Dec 17, 2014, 8:45 AM Nichole Orton
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  17939k v. 1 Dec 17, 2014, 8:45 AM Nichole Orton