Group A: Wheelchair Transportation Safety Frequently Asked Questions

Group B: Wheelchair Tiedown and Occupant Restraint Systems – RESNA WC18 and ISO 10542-1 Standard Frequently Asked Questions

Group C: Transport Wheelchairs – RESNA WC19 and ISO 7176-19 Standards Frequently Asked Questions

Group D: Wheelchair Seating – RESNA WC20 and ISO 16840-4 Standards Frequently Asked Questions

Acronyms and Abbreviations

ADA – Americans with Disabilities Act

ANSI – American National Standards Institute

AT – Assistive Technology

ATBCB – Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board

ATD – Anthropomorphic Test Device (Dummy)

ATP – Assistive Technology Practitioner

ATS – Assistive Technology Supplier

CAT – Center for Assistive Technology

CDC – Centers for Disease Control

CMU – Carnegie-Mellon University

COWHAT – Committee on Wheelchairs and Transportation, a RESNA standards group (formerly called the Subcommittee on Wheelchairs and Transportation or SOWHAT)

CP – Cerebral Palsy

CPSC – Consumer Product Safety Commission

CSA – Canadian Standards Association

CVS – Crash victim simulation

DOT – Department of Transportation

DOJ – Department of Justice

D&U – Dissemination and Utilization

FEA – Finite Elements Analysis

FMVSS – Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards

GR – General Requirement

IEEE – International Electrical and Electronic Engineering Society

IRB – Institutional Review Board

IRAP – Injury Risk Assessment and Prevention Laboratory

ISO – International Standards Organization

J2249 SAE – Society for Automotive Engineering Standard for Wheelchair Tiedowns and Occupant Restraint Systems for use in Motor Vehicles

Load – the force applied to the wheelchair and/or passenger as a result of the change in velocity

MS – Multiple Sclerosis

NCDDR – National Center for the Dissemination of Disability Research

NCSA – National Center for Statistics and Analysis

NEISS – National Electronic Injury Surveillance System

NHSTA – National Highway Safety Transportation Administration

NIDRR – National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research

NIH – National Institutes of Health

OEM – Original Equipment Manufacturer

OTR – Occupational Therapist, Registered

OVR – Office of Vocational Rehabilitation

Pitt or U-Pitt – The University of Pittsburgh

PVA – Paralyzed Veterans of America

R&D – Research and Development

RERC – Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center

RERC WTS – RERC on Wheelchair Transportation Safety

RESNA – The Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America

SAE – Society of Automotive Engineers

SOWHAT – Subcommittee on Wheelchairs and Transportation, a RESNA standards group (now called the Committee on Wheelchairs and Transportation or COWHAT).

SWC – Surrogate Wheelchair

SWCF – Surrogate Wheelchair Frame

SWTORS – Surrogate Wheelchair Tiedown and Occupant Restraint Systems

UMTRI – University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute